Approximately 8 000 years ago, scattered groups of hunter-gatherers formed the sole populace of Southern Africa.
About 2000 years ago the descendants of these hunter-gatherers began to make contact with the Khoikhoi (Men of men), which were predominantly cattle-herders. Khoikhoi herders developed from hunter-gatherer societies in Southern Africa. They acquired cattle from the first agriculturists who had migrated into the area. These were probably the Black people. Population pressure and the need for better grazing then compelled the herders to become migrants. In the process they spread from the central interior to the grazing lands of the Cape coastal region in particular.